Publications

Cover Michigan 2014 Survey: Satisfaction with Health Coverage in Michigan

December 8, 2015

The third open enrollment period for individual coverage on Michigan’s health insurance marketplace began on November 1, 2015, and will continue until January 31, 2016.(1)U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. November 2015. 2016 health insurance dates and deadlines.https://www.healthcare.gov/quick-guide/dates-and-deadlines/ (accessed 11/4/15) The average Michigan consumer will have 64 plans to choose from during the 2015 open enrollment period.(2)J. Fangmeier, 2015 Marketplace Rate Analysis (Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Healthcare Research & Transformation, Nov. 2015). Nationwide, 31 percent of consumers with marketplace coverage in both 2014 and 2015 switched plans during last year’s open enrollment period(3) T. DeLeire and C. Marks. Department of Health & Human Services. October 2015. Consumer Decisions Regarding Health Plan Choices in the 2014 and 2015 Marketplaces. http://aspe.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/134556/Consumer_decisions_10282015.pdf (accessed 11/4/15).

This brief examines how factors influencing health plan selection, both on and off the marketplace, were related to consumer satisfaction with insurance coverage. Our analyses suggest that when selecting a health plan during open enrollment, consumers may be happier with their coverage if they ensure that their plan includes their current primary care provider rather than looking for the plan with the widest network. Comparison shopping among plans at similar price points and looking for value instead of price alone may also lead to increased health plan satisfaction.

The brief is based on data from the Center for Healthcare Research & Transformation’s 2014 Cover Michigan Survey of Michigan adults, fielded between September and November 2014. Detailed methodology is available at http://chrt.sites.uofmhosting.net/publication/health-plan-selection-factors-influencing-michiganders-choice-of-health-insurance/.

Key Findings

  • Consumers for whom price played a major role when selecting a health plan were less likely to be satisfied with their plans than those for whom price was a less important consideration.
  • Consumers whose insurance did not include their primary care provider were far less likely to be satisfied with their coverage than those whose providers were included in their plans.

    Findings

    Forty-nine percent of respondents who reported that premium costs were a very important consideration when selecting a health insurance plan were satisfied with their plan (defined as having rated it as ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’), compared to 61 percent of respondents for whom premium costs were not such an important consideration. Similar differences existed for those who reported that deductible, copay, and coinsurance costs had been very important considerations in their selection of a plan, but respondents for whom the number of physicians in the plan had been a very important consideration were equally likely to report being satisfied with their coverage as those for whom this had not been as important factor FIGURE 1.

Figure 1: Percent of respondents satisfied with coverage, by importance of cost and network size in plan selection

Figure1

Source: CHRT Cover Michigan Survey 2014.

Only 21 percent of respondents who reported having had to change health care providers in the previous year because their provider was not included in their plan were satisfied with their coverage, compared to 54 percent of respondents whose insurance did not cause them to switch providers FIGURE 2.

Figure 2: Satisfaction with coverage, by insurance inclusion of provider
Figure2

Source: CHRT Cover Michigan Survey 2014.


Acknowledgements: CHRT would like to thank Thomas Buchmueller, Matthew M. Davis, Robert Goodman, Helen Levy, Renuka Tipirneni, and the staff of the Institute for Public Policy and Social Research (IPPSR) at Michigan State University for their assistance with the design and analysis of the survey.

 

 

References   [ + ]

1. U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. November 2015. 2016 health insurance dates and deadlines.https://www.healthcare.gov/quick-guide/dates-and-deadlines/ (accessed 11/4/15)
2. J. Fangmeier, 2015 Marketplace Rate Analysis (Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Healthcare Research & Transformation, Nov. 2015).
3. T. DeLeire and C. Marks. Department of Health & Human Services. October 2015. Consumer Decisions Regarding Health Plan Choices in the 2014 and 2015 Marketplaces. http://aspe.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/134556/Consumer_decisions_10282015.pdf (accessed 11/4/15).